Deleterious effects of cardiomyocyte-specific prostaglandin E2 EP3 receptor overexpression on cardiac function after myocardial infarction

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Life sciences


AIMS: Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is a lipid hormone that signals through 4 different G-protein coupled receptor subtypes which act to regulate key physiological processes. Our laboratory has previously reported that PGE2 through its EP3 receptor reduces cardiac contractility at the level of isolated cardiomyocytes and in the isolated working heart preparation. We therefore hypothesized that cardiomyocyte specific overexpression of the PGE2 EP3 receptor further decreases cardiac function in a mouse model of heart failure produced by myocardial infarction.

MAIN METHODS: Our study tested this hypothesis using EP3 transgenic mice (EP3 TG), which overexpress the porcine analogue of human EP3 in the cardiomyocytes, and their wildtype (WT) littermates. Mice were analyzed 2 wks after myocardial infarction (MI) or sham operation by echocardiography, RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry, and histology.

KEY FINDINGS: We found that the EP3 TG sham controls had a reduced ejection fraction, reduced fractional shortening, and an increased left ventricular dimension at systole and diastole compared to the WT sham controls. Moreover, there was a further reduction in the EP3 TG mice after myocardial infarction. Additionally, single-cell analysis of cardiomyocytes isolated from EP3 TG mice showed reduced contractility under basal conditions. Overexpression of EP3 significantly increased cardiac hypertrophy, interstitial collagen fraction, macrophage, and T-cell infiltration in the sham operated group. Interestingly, after MI, there were no changes in hypertrophy but there were changes in collagen fraction, and inflammatory cell infiltration.

SIGNIFICANCE: Overexpression of EP3 reduces cardiac function under basal conditions and this is exacerbated after myocardial infarction.

Medical Subject Headings

Animals; Humans; Mice; Cardiomegaly; Collagen; Dinoprostone; Mice, Transgenic; Myocardial Infarction; Myocytes, Cardiac; Receptors, Prostaglandin; Swine; Receptors, Prostaglandin E, EP3 Subtype

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